Most of Brazil’s offshore resources are in deep waters so Petrobras has fostered substantial expertise to develop these fields. One area of importance is the design of marine vessels to withstand the extreme waves. While the discovery of 50 billion barrels of oil in recent decades has been a boon to Brazil’s economic outlook, the location of the oil has produced challenging engineering problems. Lying hundreds of kilometers offshore under up to 3,000 meters of seawater, 2,000 meters of rock and 2,000 meters of salt, the oil reserves are some of the most difficult to access on Earth. Engineers are systematically using best design practices and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to increase the safety of marine structures and vessels used to drill and produce oil from Santos Basin fields.
Unsteady methods are becoming increasingly important in turbomachinery design and optimization because they model transient flows and performance more realistically. Unfortunately, using time-accurate CFD simulations to understand these unsteady flows in compressor stages can be computationally expensive. In recent years, ANSYS has been working on methods for modelling the transient flows in turbomachinery stages that require as few as single-blade passages per row but with equivalent accuracy. As a result, engineers can drastically reduce computational time and memory resources by up to 10X. Continue reading
ANSYS CFD is on the verge of a second renaissance in high-performance computing (HPC). The first, spanning more than a decade, has seen tremendous leaps in both the depth and breadth of HPC capabilities. Depth (or heights, rather) in the size of the scalable clusters — first 1000s, then 10K, and recently 100K core counts — and breadth of coverage across solvers, physics, post-processing, even file I/O, covered the gamut of high-performance simulations. The trend, in fact, is exponential, as evident in this chart, and spans many years of ANSYS Fluent software releases. While there are other impressive scientific scalability demonstrations, ANSYS Fluent set the standard for industrial HPC CFD simulations. Continue reading
3-D computational fluid dynamics simulation of in-flight icing (3-D CFD-icing) has achieved considerable advances in the last decade , and many dynamic OEMs and second tier suppliers are using them to speed icing certification. Yet, others remain on the fence, using technologies from three decades ago.
The different characteristics of ice, at different locations on an aircraft:
can that be done in 2-D?
Ensuring Clean Rooms are Actually Clean
In the healthcare and electronics industries, process contamination is a primary concern. They manufacture these sensitive products in clean rooms where the concentration of airborne particles is controlled to specified limits. For example, a Class 100 clean room keeps particles of 0.5 microns or larger to less than 100 per cubic foot of air. Even in these controlled environments, particles are constantly being created and can settle on and contaminate surfaces and products. Continue reading
My friend, a fellow Romanian, just told me a funny story. She just relocated to the U.S. and was asking her dentist “When will I have the root channel treatment?”. The dentist kindly replied “Did you mean root canal, my dear?”
Human kindness is a beautiful thing. As a software developer, I often wish that computer programs would be equally technically kind. Most of them are not. Many times, when a user mistypes a command, applications crash. Continue reading
Erosion wear is the loss of material due to repeated impact of solid particles on a surface and causes major economic losses across diverse industries such as oil and gas, hydraulic transportation, and chemical processes. Erosion severely damages flow passages, valves and pipe fittings, leading to higher replacement costs as well as the loss of valuable production time. For example, some oil and gas fittings can fail after just 30 minutes of operation due to high erosion rates! Engineers need to quickly evaluate the erosion on dozens of design variations to find ways of stretching the part’s lifespan in order to reduce costs and maximize process up-time.
It is hard to believe that a year has passed and it’s time to update you on what’s new for ANSYS 18 fluid dynamics. There is so much to write about and so little space in this blog!
I’m tempted to detail our breakthrough Harmonic Analysis method that produces accurate turbomachinery simulations up to 100X faster. Or I could focus on progress with Overset Mesh that speeds and simplifies simulations with moving parts. But that is not news, that just expected. ANSYS has been delivering new levels of accuracy and advanced modeling capabilities from the beginning. Instead, I’m going to shine the spotlight on an area you might not expect from ANSYS: Ease of use. Continue reading
Who hasn’t dreamt of flying like a bird? From Leonardo da Vinci’s drawings of flying machines to Otto Lilienthal’s gliders, inventors have focused, quite logically, on human transport. We now take flying on airplanes for granted. But mechanical flight on a smaller, insect-level scale is less well-known. Micro-air vehicles (MAVs) have gained popularity in recent years due to wide range of small-scale applications in areas such as military, transportation, electronics, security systems, search and rescue missions, video recordings and many more. Successful prototypes depend upon valid, yet imaginative, designs as a starting point. Continue reading
The ROV, or subsea remotely-operated vehicle, is frequently used in marine operations such as underwater mapping, pipeline inspection and surveillance, sending payload, maintenance and operations on subsea oil and gas equipment such as BOP (blowout preventer) and Christmas tree assembly, which controls the oil/gas/water flow out of the well.
Underwater environments create various challenges for the manufacturers of the vehicle robotics. In addition to structure integrity under high pressure, complex underwater hydrodynamics characteristics due to coupling of motions in 6 degrees of freedom needs to be considered. Continue reading